Nepal is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of bio-diversity due to its unique geographical position and latitudinal variation. The elevation of the country ranges from 60 meters above the sea level to the highest point on earth — Mt Everest at 8,848 meters. This wild variation fosters an incredible variety of ecosystems, the greatest mountain range on earth, thick tropical jungles teeming with a wealth of wildlife, thundering rivers, forested hills and frozen valleys.
This spectacular geography has also produced one of the richest cultural landscapes anywhere. The country is a living museum of 59 registered ethnic groups and sub-groups with over 70 languages and dialects. Nepal offers an astonishing diversity of sightseeing attractions and adventure opportunities found nowhere else on earth. Besides, one can experience numerous local festivals round the year, observed by different ethnic communities highlighting age-old customs, beliefs and traditions.
Nepal, the last Hindu Kingdom
Extension: 147,181 sq. km.
Border: Tibet (China) to the North and rest with India.
Region: Terai, Siwalik, Mahabharat, Pahar and Himalayas
Ethnic Groups: Newar, Brahmin, Chhetri, Sherpa, Tamang, Gurung, Magar, Rai, Limbu, Thakali, Lopa, Dolpo, Tharu, Satar, Dhangar, Rajbansi, Danwar, Majhi, Darai.
Religion: Buddhism, Hinduism, Kirat, Bon, Muslims, Christians etc.
Currency: Nepali Rupee.
Language: Nepali & various proper dialects. General English.
Time difference: + 5h 45'.
Altitude: It varies from 70 m to 8848 m, the highest in the world - Mt. Everest
Climate: Nepal has four major seasons
8 of the world's 10 tallest mountains
2% of all world's flowering plants
8% or 848 species of the world's birds
4%of the world's mammals
11 of the 15 families of the earth's butterflies
6,000 of the plant species known to the world
319 species of the world's enchanting orchids